Ways Used to Control Pests.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Pests refer to insects that destroy crops and other undergrowth or agricultural estate types. Pest control is the regulation of those pests which are destructive to the vegetation, human health and ecosystem and even farm produce. Human health interference is done by some pests which are lice, mice and mosquitoes. Specialists have come up with various methods of pest control due to technology and science innovation. Controlling pests have existed ever since agriculture began. Controlling of herbivores that compete with humans and types of weeds that compete with crops is necessary hence using pest control method. Pest management comprises of a number of steps to control pests. Various steps are, identify the kind of pest, and decide which method to use and lastly use the method to control the pest.
Natural Method involves using of natural parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures and is totally safe to human kind and pets ,for example, a cat is a pet but a predator to mice and rats. Sealing of pet structures and inducing a concentrated gas like carbon dioxide to destroy the pests inhabiting the structures when pets have been moved to a different facility it is known as fumigation. Soil steaming suffocates pests by heat and lack of air. Repellents are non-toxic oils obtained from trees, for instance, rat repellent such as Balsam fir oil obtained from the tree for pest control. Planting some pest repellents plant is a biological method, for example, planting onion in a spinach farm to repel spinach pests.
Chemical method is a pest control method which uses insecticides, pesticides and herbicides to control pests. When animals are secluded from their structures then their structures get sprayed with insecticides the method is well known as space treatment. When rats are trapped and poisoned by a bait it is called poisoned bait. Handheld sprayers are sprayers used to spray pests or structures that are inhabited with pests for instance mosquitoes, weevils and other produce pests, this is a spray method. When destroying ticks pesticides are sprayed on cattle.
There is no use of chemicals when using traditional methods to control pests and weeds. Burning Fields is a traditional method used to extinguish insects and its eggs in the farms after harvesting. Traps are convenient traps that are used to trick and trap mice and rats from home and stores. Traps are designed differently to serve different purposes. Destroying of an infected crop or infested by pests either by uprooting or burning of the crop is a traditional way of pest control.
Pest control is necessary for human health, healthy pets and animals and best farm produce.